Activity 13: Transnational links and the exchange of practices in the field of the education of the Roma
Acquaintance with practices in the field of the education of the Roma in some other European countries (visits of organizations and institutions, working in the field of the education of the Roma).
The existing models of education of members of the Roma community in Europe differentiate depending on the starting point and goals of this education, which leads either to assimilation (i.e. to adapt as soon as possible to the educational system of the majority population) or to integration (i.e. to adapt the educational system of the majority population gradually to the needs and wishes of the members of the Roma community). The comparison of international programmes in this field is of very big importance since the Roma as a minority are exposed to multiple discrimination and exclusion in almost all European countries. The European Union especially encourages the exchange of good practices in different European countries. For the members of the Roma community this is the possibility to gain greater awareness about ethnical identity and the value of culture and language.
International meetings with the aim of transnational exchange of experiences and good practices, as well as discussion on improvements in the field of educational work with the Roma
The main aim of these meetings is the presentation of cases of good and bad practices in different countries. In an in-dept discussion about present issues from this field and from the lives of Roma and other ethnical community, open questions will be clarifies. The invited experts will speak from the points of view of different disciplines, since it is the fragmented discussion which presents the biggest obstacle for an integral understanding of the inclusion of the Roma into educational systems.
The rights of Roma communities are written down in international conventions, state constitutions and laws. The problem, however, is that these rights are often not being exercised in practice. In the process of carrying out everything that is written, everybody is included – from the members of the Roma communities to the countries and the administrational bodies, as well as the civil society. At this meeting we would like to point out that it is of special importance that experts from Roma communities from different countries cooperate in this project from day one onwards. And such meetings are of special importance for creating and strengthening of ties between them.
Elaboration of an international comparative analysis of practices in the field of educational work with the Roma
This analysis will comprise normative assurances, practices in several different countries and the trend of the development, as well as an identification of open key-questions. In the choice of examples from different European countries, we will take into account primarily those which assure the right of expressing, maintaining and encouraging ethnical identity, as well as show a broader understanding of the values of equality combined with social justice (fighting prejudice, approaching universal European values, respecting the cultural and linguistic differences). These fields are determined as priorities in the developmental programmes, adopted by the Republic of Slovenia for a more successful integration of the members of the Roma community.
We will include two cases of segregation and separation of Roma and non-Roma students, which have been dealt with by the Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg recently (against the Czech Republic and Croatia) and we will hull, from the analysis of legal opinions, actual statuses and responses of both countries, those elements which are similar to practices in other European countries.