Spatial and demographic analysis
Activity 2: The elaboration of a spatial and demographic analysis, as well as an estimation of developmental possibilities in the field of school- and preschool-education, as well as cultural and other activities in areas with a Roma population.
Roma settlements are a specific phenomenon in Slovenia. In the past no continuous care was taken of these settlements and their development.
According to data of dr. Jernej Zupančič, published in the work Roma settlements as a specific part of the system of settlements in Slovenia, in 25 Slovenian communities, there are approximately 6.500 Roma, who live in 105 Roma settlements (31 of them are juridically settled, 74 are not.) All steps undertaken within activity 2 will apply to the entire Roma population, in all parts of Slovenia, and to all settlements where Roma live together. Spatial and demographic analyses of the present situation will be helpful for planning the future development of school and preschool education of Roma children und cultural and other activities, connected to Roma communities. The mentioned analyses will furthermore support the measures for the improvement of the quality of life and the social and cultural capital in areas, where members of Roma community live.
The measures carried out within activity 2 will bring the most up-to-date, pluralistic and complex data, as well as analyses of spatial and demographical structures of settlements, where members of Roma community live. The same applies for the collection of thematic maps, which will be developed within this context. Spatial and demographic analyses of the present state will be used to simplify the planning and to estimate the possibilities of a future development of school- and preschool education of Roma children, as well as other activities, connected to the Roma community. Besides that the mentioned analyses support the measures of raising the quality of life and the social and cultural capital in areas where Roma live.
Historical analysis of demographic and spatial development and an analysis of the present demographic structure of settlements with Roma population in Slovenia
In settlements where Roma live, it is necessary to analyse in details, and based on different sources, the present demographic structures of Roma settlements in Slovenia, as well as their historical demographic and spatial development. Based on this demographic and spatial analysis a better understanding of the present development of Roma settlements will be possible, as well as the planning of their future development within the measures of Activity 2.
Spatial analysis and thematic mapping of the settling of Roma
The elaborates about Roma population that have been created so far, contain only tabular descriptions of Roma settlements. These data are not located in space (except by geographical names) and they are not shown on cartographic material with different scales. The spatial dispersion of Roma settlements and their other characteristics have a direct influence on the possibilities of inclusion of Roma children, adolescents and their parents into the local environment.
Demographic analysis and thematic mapping of Roma settling
All elaborates about the Roma population include only textual and tabular demographic data. These demographic sources are dispersed at different institutions. The data are not located in space (except by geographical names) and they are not shown on cartographic material with different scales. The spatial distribution of Roma settlements and the social background of Roma parents and their children influence directly the possibilities of integrating Roma children, adolescents and parents into the local environment.
Spatial analysis and accessibility of present locations of the educational, cultural and sports premises
An egalitarian inclusion of the Roma population into the system of education, sports and culture, which helps raising the quality of their life, is not possible without an optimal usage of the capacities and locations of the existing premises. The basic idea is to move as few Roma settlements as possible, to have a minimum of daily migrations and to include as many Roma as possible into the existing programmes. Without the knowledge of the above mentioned facts about these objects the planning of activities (e.g. education) is not possible.
Analysis of real estate, infrastructure and topography of Roma settlements
The aim of the project is to support the integration of Roma children (and parents) into the local environment, as well as to organize educational, sportive and cultural activities in Roma settlements and in locations, easily reachable for Roma children. Investments into infrastructure, real estate and activities in urban, as well as in rural environment will be necessary. Therefore a precise analysis of the characteristics of Roma settlements at present and of their broader environment has to be established.
The determination of potential locations for future educational, cultural, sportive and other objects, as well as the estimation of a possible development of the chosen settlements with Roma population
The aim of the project is the determination of locations for different activities of Roma children, in order to include these children into the national educational system. The locations can be determined on the basis of all analyses made before.